The recent election of two activist directors to the board of one of the world’s biggest oil and gas companies is a watershed moment for climate action. However, Wall Street’s leaders have provided little more than a trickle of support for the public policies needed to accelerate dramatic market shifts and make net zero a reality.
A case in point: In April, investors managing $37 trillion committed to the Net-Zero Asset Manager Initiative, whereas a May investor statement for US EPA methane regulations – a critical early step on the path to net zero – garnered investor support of just $5.35 trillion in assets under management (AUM).
As public and corporate concern about the climate grows and as expectations for financial players escalate, it’s time for the C-Suite to integrate climate into their firms’ public policy advocacy.
In recent months, climate commitments among top asset managers and investment banks have become almost ubiquitous. Often, what’s missing are concrete and holistic plans to turn net-zero goals into results at scale.
Public policy is among the climate issues financial firms must take on, because government action is a linchpin of:
1. Achieving decarbonization at the speed and scale required to meet financial firms’ public pledges.
2. Averting the worst consequences of climate change for the financial system and the real economy.
Asset managers could find exposure to equities at odds with their net-zero commitments if climate policy opportunities aren’t maximized. Banks could find entire segments of their lending books toxic if public policies to decarbonize capital-intensive sectors of the economy are not implemented – and that’s not to mention the physical climate risks to portfolios from infrastructure and businesses that are more susceptible to flooding or extreme weather events, should our emissions continue unabated.
There is a better way. Government – in dialogue with business, investment and civil society leaders – can mandate disclosures, incentivize investments and implement standards for emission reductions across key sectors like oil and gas, transportation, power and industry. That’s why progressive investors have begun requesting disclosure of climate lobbying by their portfolio companies, to ensure that any such lobbying is aligned with the Paris Agreement goals.
As fund managers increasingly turn to environmental, social and governance (ESG) criteria, advancing public policy that accelerates decarbonization can generate tailwinds for financial performance.
Given its considerable influence, Wall Street could have an active role in driving government policy towards more ambitious and innovative climate approaches and solutions, but only if finance leaders get off the sidelines.
Right now, the choice for executives is clear: take a seat at the climate policy table, or miss opportunities to build a better future for your business.
As the business case for climate action is clearer than ever, it’s time to get past the myths keeping investors from engaging on climate public policy. To begin integrating climate public policy into your firm’s net zero plans, there are three initial steps:
1. People. Start by driving climate public policy as an important advocacy priority from the CEO on down. Develop and resource a climate policy team with an empowered leader to create a single point of accountability. This person should be a member of senior management – a chief climate officer, for example. The role could report directly to the board’s ESG committee (or closest equivalent).
2. Process. Integrate climate public policy into core processes, for example:
i. Regular meetings of executive or investment committees.
ii. Annual reporting that identifies immediate public policy priorities and longer-term goals to ensure Paris alignment.
iii. Agenda developments of government relations, investment stewardship and other teams.
3. Priorities. Select specific climate policies for engagement and support in the next year, with a focus on material opportunities for risk mitigation and/or upside generation related to important sectors and clients. In the US, for example, we expect to see investors with climate pledges actively supporting policies to regulate methane and flaring, decarbonize electricity, electrify transportation, and require mandatory disclosure of climate risk.
The Biden administration recently announced a commitment to cut US greenhouse gas emissions by 50-52% below 2005 levels by 2030. By helping to enact public policies to get us there, Wall Street’s leaders can de-risk their own investments and climate pledges, while bolstering the case for ESG investing.
In June 2022, the government of South Sudan acknowledged that Egypt had delivered equipment for resuming its long-dormant Jonglei Canal megaproject by dredging tributaries of the White Nile.
A significant gap exists globally between the financing needed and the current level of spending to meet net-zero goals.