Dr. Julio Friedmann is a senior research scholar at the Center on Global Energy Policy at Columbia University SIPA, specializing in the fields of carbon management, including carbon capture, industrial decarbonization, hydrogen, and CO2 removal. Prior to joining CGEP, Dr. Friedmann was Principal Assistant Deputy at the US Department of Energy Office of Fossil Energy and Chief Energy Technologist at Lawrence Livermore National Lab. He holds a Ph.D. in geology from the University of Southern California and M.S. and B.S. degrees in geology from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).