Energy and Development in a Changing World: A Framework for the 21st Century

Among the most complex and influential energy transformations of the 21st century are those underway in developing countries. The past 15 years have seen the weight of these countries in the global energy landscape grow dramatically as their energy consumption has nearly doubled. Developing countries are now facing a major challenge with global implications: how to best secure and consume the majority of the world’s energy resources in a manner that both promotes their continued economic growth and is sustainable, including from a climate change perspective. At the same time, too many poorer households still remain without access to electricity or clean cooking, a major ongoing development challenge. Led by Adjunct Senior Research Scholar Philippe Benoit, the Energy for Development program proposes a new framework to analyze the dynamics surrounding the use of energy for development, one that reflects the ever-increasing economic weight and growing energy demand of developing countries as they fight poverty and move toward prosperity.

Featured Research

Philippe Benoit & Kevin Jianjun Tu examine the energy and environmental implications of China's hybrid development status.

Dr. Mauricio Cárdenas, Juan José Guzmán Ayala and Dr. J. Nicolas Hernandez-Aguilera

In a new commentary, CGEP Visiting Senior Research Scholar Dr. Mauricio Cárdenas, Juan José Guzmán Ayala, and Dr. J. Nicolas Hernandez-Aguilera examine options to boost ESG finance in a post-Covid-19 world. 

In his latest op-ed in The Hill, Philippe Benoit explains why taxing the carbon emissions from luxury consumption is something the Democratic presidential candidates and the sponsors of the Green New Deal might want to consider adding to their climate proposals. 


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Makhtar Diop
Vice President for Infrastructure, World Bank

Host Bill Loveless talks with Makhtar Diop, the vice president for infrastructure at the World Bank.

Minister Dharmendra Pradhan
Minister of Petroleum & Natural Gas and Steel, Government of India

Few countries are as important to the outlook for energy demand and climate change as is India. It uses huge amounts of coal, was projected to be one of the biggest drivers of growth in oil use, and has ambitious...

Dr. Ajay Mathur
Director General of The Energy & Resources Institute, New Delhi

India has laid out an ambitious agenda to expand energy access to all its people, reduce air pollution, increase energy security, and reduce carbon emissions intensity. It has made tremendous progress providing...