Energy and Development in a Changing World: A Framework for the 21st Century

Among the most complex and influential energy transformations of the 21st century are those underway in developing countries. The past 15 years have seen the weight of these countries in the global energy landscape grow dramatically as their energy consumption has nearly doubled. Developing countries are now facing a major challenge with global implications: how to best secure and consume the majority of the world’s energy resources in a manner that both promotes their continued economic growth and is sustainable, including from a climate change perspective. At the same time, too many poorer households still remain without access to electricity or clean cooking, a major ongoing development challenge. Led by Adjunct Senior Research Scholar Philippe Benoit, the Energy for Development program proposes a new framework to analyze the dynamics surrounding the use of energy for development, one that reflects the ever-increasing economic weight and growing energy demand of developing countries as they fight poverty and move toward prosperity.

Featured Research

By
Philippe Benoit and Alex Clark

Phillipe Benoit and Dr. Alex Clark explain how government officials and the climate community can develop initiatives that engage state- and government-owned enterprises in climate action.

Philippe Benoit & Kevin Jianjun Tu examine the energy and environmental implications of China's hybrid development status.

In a new OpEd, Dr. Mauricio Cárdenas argues that a comprehensive debt-repayment freeze could be counterproductive for emerging economies that currently retain access to financial markets. 

Podcast

Columbia Energy Exchange

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Damilola Ogunbiyi
CEO and Special Representative, UN Secretary-General for Sustainable Energy for All

Host Jason Bordoff is joined by Damilola Ogunbiyi to discuss meeting the ambitious goal of attaining universal access to sustainable and modern energy.

Makhtar Diop
Vice President for Infrastructure, World Bank

Host Bill Loveless talks with Makhtar Diop, the vice president for infrastructure at the World Bank.

Minister Dharmendra Pradhan
Minister of Petroleum & Natural Gas and Steel, Government of India

Few countries are as important to the outlook for energy demand and climate change as is India. It uses huge amounts of coal, was projected to be one of the biggest drivers of growth in oil use, and has ambitious...