Richard Nephew is the author of The Art of Sanctions and an expert on the use of sanctions for deterrence and impact. He is currently serving in the Biden-Harris administration. He served as Principal Deputy Coordinator for Sanctions Policy at the Department of Stat and as the lead sanctions expert for the U.S. team negotiating with Iran during the Obama Administration. Nephew served as the Director for Iran on the National Security Staff where he was responsible for managing a period of intense expansion of U.S. sanctions on Iran. Earlier in his career he served in the Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation at the State Department and in the Office of Nonproliferation and International Security at the Department of Energy. Nephew holds a Masters in Security Policy Studies and a Bachelors in International Affairs, both from The George Washington University.