Christof Rühl is a Senior Research Scholar at the Center on Global Energy Policy at Columbia University SIPA, where he leads research focused on oil and gas and the energy transition. Rühl is an internationally renowned economist, specializing in macroeconomics and energy economics. He most recently served as Global Head of Research at the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority, where he created and managed ADIA’s first global research team to provide economic, energy and geopolitical analysis to the Fund. Previously, he was Group Chief Economist and Vice President of BP plc for nine years, credited with a significant contribution to the global debate on energy, climate change, and the various links between energy and economic development. Rühl joined BP from the world of global economic policy, having served at the World Bank, including as Chief Economist in Russia and in Brazil, and at the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. He started his career as an academic economist, first as a Research Associate at German Universities and later as an Assistant Professor at the University of California in Los Angeles. Rühl is published widely in his fields. He currently also serves as a Senior Fellow at the Mossavar-Rahmani Center for Business and Government at the Harvard Kennedy School.