The Center on Global Energy Policy, in collaboration with SIPA's International Security Policy Concentration and the Journal of International Affairs, hosted a debate between Richard Nephew and Erich Ferrari on U.S. sanctions practice and policy.

Nephew is a former Principal Deputy Coordinator for Sanctions Policy at the Department of State, a position he held from February 2013 to January 2015, and current Fellow at the Center on Global Energy and Policy. Nephew also served as the lead sanctions expert for the U.S. team negotiating with Iran. From May 2011 to January 2013, Nephew served as the Director for Iran on the National Security Staff where he was responsible for managing a period of intense expansion of U.S. sanctions on Iran.

Ferrari is a prominent Sanctions Defense Attorney based in Washington, DC with over 12 years of experience in national security law, export controls, and U.S. economic sanctions. He counsels across industry sectors representing parties in a wide range of matters involving U.S. economic sanctions administered by Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC).

This debate focused on the impacts of sanctions against companies, individuals, and countries, as well as on American citizens domestically and internationally.