Hear in-depth conversations with the world’s top energy and climate leaders from government, business, academia, and civil society.

Columbia Energy Exchange

Ajay Mathur – India: Striking a Balance Between Energy & Emissions

India is one of the most compelling and complex stories in the world when it comes to energy and the environment. With an economy that has doubled in size since 2010 and a population on track to overtake China’s in the next 10 years, India is challenged to meet its growing demand for energy, and to do so in a sustainable way.

On a new episode of Columbia Energy Exchange, host Bill Loveless sits down with Ajay Mathur, the director general of The Energy & Resources Institute, a New Delhi-based think tank, and a member of the Indian Prime Minister’s Council on Climate Change. Ajay served as director general of India’s Bureau of Energy Efficiency, and head of the climate change team at the World Bank in Washington, D.C. He has been a key climate change negotiator for India, and was the nation’s spokesperson at the climate negotiations in Paris in 2015.

Ajay and Bill caught up outside the Center on Global Energy Policy’s recent 2018 summit in New York to talk about the outlook for energy supply and demand in India, including the critical role that a combination of solar energy and storage could play in his country in coming years.

They also touched on some of the striking energy contrasts in India, a country where many go without access to affordable electricity despite the nation’s abundant installed electric capacity. Among other topics, they discussed India’s ongoing heavy dependence on coal for electricity, the outlook for nuclear energy, and India’s goals for reducing emissions under the Paris agreement.

More Episodes

January 24, 2023 Podcasts Columbia Energy Exchange

Clean Energy Tech: A New Industrial Age Dawns

Bill Loveless with Timur Gül 37 min

This week host Bill Loveless talks with Timur Gül, head of the Energy Technology Policy Division at the International Energy Agency and leads the Energy Technology Perspectives report.

January 24, 2023
Explore topic

Critical Minerals

Critical minerals—such as aluminum, copper, lithium, and cobalt—will require unprecedented investment in order to make a shift to a clean energy system. Leveraging the increased global demand for these minerals is critical to achieving net-zero targets.

January 17, 2023 Podcasts Columbia Energy Exchange

What’s in Store for U.S. Energy Policy in 2023?

With Jennifer Dlouhy and Stephen Mufson 44 min

After years of political pressure, Democrats in Congress narrowly passed an historic climate bill at…

January 17, 2023
Explore topic

Energy Policy

Establishing energy policy solutions informed by rigorous research and dialogue is key to addressing climate change, increasing access to energy, and sparking innovation for a thriving global energy economy.


Relevant Studies

January 25, 2023 Commentary Energy Security

Potential Energy Challenges from a China-Taiwan Conflict Scenario

A major military engagement could occur in the Asia-Pacific region in the form of a possible conflict between the People’s Republic of China and Taiwan.

Explore topic

Energy Security

Energy security has long been a central objective of energy policy, yet remains poorly understood and defined. Assessing energy security risks, and how they are evolving, is key for both the public and private sector.

See All Work